Cybertecture Egg Mumbai, India
Online architecture gallery check out our top 50 totally amazing designs from all around the world that you should to visit before you die!
If you have a keen eye for design and time to travel take in these amazing global architectural master pieces, we have researched thousands of images to come up with out all time top 50 but if you think we have missed out your favorite then let us know and maybe we’ll include it.
Grand Lisboa, Macao
Bullring Birmingham UK
BWM Welt, Munich, Germany
Experience Music Project, Seattle, USA
Mumbai University ASK Foundation Convention Center
The Sage, Gateshead, England
Air Force Academy, Chapel Colorado, United States
The Universum science museum Bremen, Germany
Fuji television building Tokyo, Japan
Gherkin Building, London City, UK
House Of Worship Aka Lotus Temple, Delhi, India
National Theatre Beijing, China
Office center “1000″ a.k.a. Banknote Kaunas, Lithuania
Le Palais Bulles Cannes, France
Tenerife Concert Hall Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
The Conch Shell House Isla Mujeres, Mexico
The Torre Galatea, Figueres, Spain
The Crooked House, Sopot, Poland
Ceramic house Colombia
Cathedral of Brasília, Brazil
Dome House Florida, United States
Earth House Lostorf, Switzerland
Eden project United Kingdom
Chapel In The Rock, Arizona, United States
Druzhba Holiday Center Hall Yalta, Ukraine
Ferdinand Cheval Palace Aka Ideal Palace, France
Olympic Stadium Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The National Library, Minsk, Belarus
Wonderworks, Pigeon Forge,Tennessee, United-States
Steam World Museum, Gramado, Brazil
Piano Shaped Building, Huainan, China
Great Mosque of Djenné Djenne, Mali, Africa
Elephant Building North Bangkok Business District
Dancing Building, Prague, Czech Republic
Kunsthaus Graz, Austria
La Tête au Carré, Nice, France
Porto Stone House Fafe Mountains Portugal
Ripleys Building, Ontario, Canada
Snail House Sofia, Bulgaria
Erwin Wurm House Attack, Vienna, Austria
Hang Nga Guesthouse, Vietnam
Habitat 67 Montreal, Canada
Wooden Gagster House, Archangelsk, Russia
Cubic Houses, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Solar Furnace Odeillo, France
The Flintstone House Hillsborough, California
Wilkinson Residence Portland
Bunker Chicago IL USA
Beijing National Stadium, Beijing, China
Online Architecture Gallery
The Bauhaus Dessau architecture department from 1925 by Walter Gropius
Around the turn of the 20th century, a general dissatisfaction with the emphasis on revivalist architecture and elaborate decoration gave rise to many new lines of thought that served as precursors to Modern Architecture. Notable among these is the Deutscher Werkbund, formed in 1907 to produce better quality machine made objects. The rise of the profession of industrial design is usually placed here. Following this lead, the Bauhaus school, founded in Weimar, Germany in 1919, redefined the architectural bounds prior set throughout history, viewing the creation of a building as the ultimate synthesis—the apex—of art, craft, and technology.
When Modern architecture was first practiced, it was an avant-garde movement with moral, philosophical, and aesthetic underpinnings. Immediately after World War I, pioneering modernist architects sought to develop a completely new style appropriate for a new post-war social and economic order, focused on meeting the needs of the middle and working classes. They rejected the architectural practice of the academic refinement of historical styles which served the rapidly declining aristocratic order. The approach of the Modernist architects was to reduce buildings to pure forms, removing historical references and ornament in favor of functionalist details. Buildings displayed their functional and structural elements, exposing steel beams and concrete surfaces instead of hiding them behind decorative forms.
Architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright developed Organic architecture in which the form was defined by its environment and purpose, with an aim to promote harmony between human habitation and the natural world with prime examples being Robie House and Falling Water.
The Crystal Cathedral is a built in a modern style with panels of glass set in metal frames making both the walls and roof. A tall tower of the same materials rises beside it
The Crystal Cathedral, California, by Philip Johnson (1980)
Architects such as Mies van der Rohe, Philip Johnson and Marcel Breuer worked to create beauty based on the inherent qualities of building materials and modern construction techniques, trading traditional historic forms for simplified geometric forms, celebrating the new means and methods made possible by the Industrial Revolution, including steel-frame construction, which gave birth to high-rise superstructures. By mid-century, Modernism had morphed into the International Style, an aesthetic epitomized in many ways by the Twin Towers of New York’s World Trade Center.
Many architects resisted Modernism, finding it devoid of the decorative richness of ornamented styles and as the founders of that movement lost influence in the late 1970s, Postmodernism developed as a reaction against its austerity. Postmodernism viewed Modernism as being too extreme and even harsh in regards to design. Instead, Postmodernists combined Modernism with older styles from before the 1900s to form a middle ground. Robert Venturi’s contention that a “decorated shed” (an ordinary building which is functionally designed inside and embellished on the outside) was better than a “duck” (an ungainly building in which the whole form and its function are tied together) gives an idea of these approaches.
Environmental sustainability has become a mainstream issue, with profound affect on the architectural profession. Many developers, those who support the financing of buildings, have become educated to encourage the facilitation of environmentally sustainable design, rather than solutions based primarily on immediate cost. Major examples of this can be found in greener roof designs, biodegradable materials,and more attention to a structure’s energy usage. This major shift in architecture has also changed architecture schools to focus more on the environment. Sustainability in architecture was pioneered by Frank Lloyd Wright, in the 1960s by Buckminster Fuller and in the 1970s by architects such as Ian McHarg and Sim Van der Ryn in the US and Brenda and Robert Vale in the UK and New Zealand. There has been an acceleration in the number of buildings which seek to meet green building sustainable design principles. Sustainable practices that were at the core of vernacular architecture increasingly provide inspiration for environmentally and socially sustainable contemporary techniques. The U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) rating system has been instrumental in this. An example of an architecturally innovative green building is the Dynamic Tower which will be powered by wind turbines and solar panels.
Modern concepts of architecture
The great 19th-century architect of skyscrapers, Louis Sullivan, promoted an overriding precept to architectural design: “Form follows function”.
While the notion that structural and aesthetic considerations should be entirely subject to functionality was met with both popularity and skepticism, it had the effect of introducing the concept of “function” in place of Vitruvius’ “utility”. “Function” came to be seen as encompassing all criteria of the use, perception and enjoyment of a building, not only practical but also aesthetic, psychological and cultural.
The Sydney Opera House appears to float on the harbour. It has numerous roof-sections which are shaped like huge shining white sails
Sydney Opera House, Australia designed by Jørn Utzon.
Nunzia Rondanini stated, “Through its aesthetic dimension architecture goes beyond the functional aspects that it has in common with other human sciences. Through its own particular way of expressing values, architecture can stimulate and influence social life without presuming that, in and of itself, it will promote social development.’
To restrict the meaning of (architectural) formalism to art for art’s sake is not only reactionary; it can also be a purposeless quest for perfection or originality which degrades form into a mere instrumentality”.
Among the philosophies that have influenced modern architects and their approach to building design are rationalism, empiricism, structuralism, poststructuralism, and phenomenology.
In the late 20th century a new concept was added to those included in the compass of both structure and function, the consideration of sustainability. To satisfy the contemporary ethos a building should be constructed in a manner which is environmentally friendly in terms of the production of its materials, its impact upon the natural and built environment of its surrounding area and the demands that it makes upon non-sustainable power sources for heating, cooling, water and waste management and lighting.